Hemp Industrial Hemp

  • Cannabis sativa "industrial Hemp"

  • The species was first classified by Carl Linnaeus in 1753.[1]
federalregister.gov statement-of-principles-on-industrial-hemp#page-53396

  • The term “industrial hemp” includes the plant Cannabis sativa L. and any part or derivative of such plant, including seeds of such plant, whether growing or not, that is used exclusively for industrial purposes (fiber and seed) with a tetrahydrocannabinols concentration of not more than 0.3 percent on a dry weight basis. The term “tetrahydrocannabinols” includes all isomers, acids, salts, and salts of isomers of tetrahydrocannabinols.
The Section in the 2014 Farm Bill specific to Industrialized Hemp 

Hemp CBD Oil Is Different From 'Hemp Oil'

As interest grows in industrial hemp, thanks in large part to some U.S. states pushing for locally grown hemp, industry advocates are warning 

interested manufacturers not to get certain hemp products confused with others. In particular, the Hemp Industries Association (HIA; Summerland,

CA) is advising against the marketing of hemp cannabidiol (CBD) extracts as ‘hemp oil.’

Hemp oil has enjoyed a long history of use for culinary applications and even cosmetic ones, such as the production of lotions, soaps, and balms. 

The ingredient is derived from the crushing of hemp seeds. Hemp CBD, on the other hand, is a whole different animal. While also available in oil 

format, the HIA says that hemp CBD extracts  should not be confused with the former ingredient, which consumers around the world already know 

commonly as ‘hemp oil.’

CBD is one of dozens of cannabinoids found in both hemp and its close relative marijuana. The compound is similar in chemical structure to 

tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), for which there exists the medicinal marijuana market, but it does not have THC’s psychotropic effects. A health 

supplement market is, thus, opening up for CBD-rich extracts and their potential health benefits.

“While CBD has thus far skirted control by the FDA, it holds promise for several neuropsychiatric disorders,” says Wesley Ryan, MD, a board-eligible

 psychiatrist in Los Angeles. “Studies have demonstrated successful treatment of intractable epilepsy, as well as short-term treatment of psychotic 

disorders. Current studies are largely preliminary, but these initial favorable results beg further investigation, especially given the better safety 

profile of CBD over both THC and many of the accepted first-line prescription drug treatments.”

The differences between ‘hemp oil’ and CBD oil are quite clear. While hemp oil is obtained from crushed hemp seeds, CBD-rich oil extracts are best

 obtained from hemp flowers, leaves, and stalks. The HIA notes that hemp seeds typically contain less than 25 parts per million of CBD, whereas 

these other parts of the hemp plant may be rife with as much as 150,000 parts per million of CBD. Fortunately, both CBD oil and conventional 

hemp oil can be made without a real presence of THC. Manufacturers can go on safely making hemp oil, and they can also venture into CBD oil, an

 ingredient for which there is great market potential. The HIA, however, warns that marketing of CBD extracts is still a “legal gray area” under 

federal law, and manufacturers should be careful in making any health claims.

So far, 39 U.S. states have introduced pro-hemp legislation of which 22 have already passed theirs.

[UPDATE: Existing federal regulations for industrial hemp production do not address CBD content in finished hemp oil. A distinction is made, 

however, for a THC threshold under 0.3%. Both CBD-rich and CBD-poor hemp oils can be procured with very little THC, so either hemp oil from 

seeds should be called 'hemp seed oil' or CBD-rich oil from elsewhere in the plant should be called 'CBD oil.' Something should be done to clarify 

the two from each other.

Hemp Oil, imported HEMP oil into the United States is Legal. The CBD is in the HEMP oil. 

CBD Health and Wellness = Hemp Oil +CBD 

soil that will grow corn will grow hemp

Hemp for Victory is a black-and-white United States government film made during World War II, explaining the uses of hemp, encouraging farmers to grow as much as possible. Before 1989, the film was relatively unknown, and the United States Department of Agriculture library and the Library of Congress told all interested parties that no such movie was made by the USDA or any branch of the U.S. government. Two VHS copies were recovered and donated to the Library of Congress on May 19, 1989 by Maria Farrow, Carl Packard, and Jack Herer.

  • Music

    • "The Triumph of Neptune - Ballet Suite (excerpts) (1937 Remastered Version): Apotheosis of Neptune" by Robert Alva/London Philharmonic Orchestra/Sir

      Thomas Beecham Listen ad-free with YouTube Red

Why Industrial Hemp?

Notoriety obscures the history and value of hemp. Hemp has a long history in America, from the first plantings in Jamestown, where growing hemp was mandatory, to the hemp sails of 19th-century clipper ships and the hemp canvas covers of pioneer wagons, to World War II's massive "Hemp for Victory" program. Hemp is a major part of humanity's agricultural and commercial heritage, having been used extensively for millennia in cultures around the world.

Hemp seed was known long ago for its healthy protein and rich oil. The stalk's outer fiber was used for clothing, canvas, and rope, and textile rags were recycled into paper pulp. The Declaration of Independence was drafted on hemp paper, and the finest Bibles are still printed on hemp-based paper. The woody core fiber of hemp stalks was used for construction and fuel. In the early 20th century, hemp-derived cellulose was promoted as an affordable and renewable raw material for plastics; Henry Ford even built a prototype car from biocomposite materials, using agricultural fiber such as hemp.

Beginning with the passage of the "Marihuana Tax Act" of 1937 and continuing after the World War II "Hemp for Victory" program, misplaced fears that industrial hemp is marijuana and harassment by law enforcement discouraged farmers from growing hemp. The last crop was grown in Wisconsin in 1958, and the Controlled Substances Act (CSA) of 1970 formally prohibited cultivation.

Today, driven by entrepreneurial spirit and the desire to build a new industry for a new age, hemp has reemerged. A diverse but increasingly unified and politically influential group of interests supports the commercial growing of hemp, including farmers, businesses, nutritionists, activists, and green consumers.

Hemp is not a panacea for the world's social, economic, and environmental woes — no single crop can do that. But with focused and sustained research and development, hemp could spur dramatic change. Renewable, fast-growing hemp could allow major industries to reduce their dependence on nonrenewable, fast-disappearing resources and move toward sustainable production.

Hemp Textiles

Today's hemp-based fabrics are nothing like 18th-century canvas sailcloth (canvas derives from the Latin cannabis). Hemp fiber, blended with everything from Tencel to organic cotton, can be used to create textiles as different as terrycloth, flannel, and luxurious satin brocades. Hemp fiber offers greater durability and breathability than cotton, which accounts for 25 percent of the pesticides sprayed on the world's crops. Hemp-based textile products on the market include apparel and accessories such as T-shirts, pants, dresses, baby clothes, bathrobes, and shoes; housewares such as blankets, shower curtains, and rugs; and sundries such as hammocks and pet supplies.

Technical Hemp Fiber and Core Products

The most successful emerging industrial use of hemp fiber is in the automobile industry. "Biocomposites" of nonwoven hemp matting and polypropylene or epoxy are pressed into parts such as door panels and luggage racks, replacing heavier and less safe fiberglass composites. European hemp fiber made into biocomposites by Flexform in Indiana has been used in more than a million cars and trucks in North America. Automotive applications alone are expected to push European hemp cultivation to over 100,000 acres by 2010. Emerging technology for injection molding of natural fibers is expected to accelerate growth of this sector. Hemp fiber is also used for insulation and horticultural growth mats, and hemp core is used in animal bedding, mortars, and horticultural mulch.

Hemp Paper

The low impact of the farming and processing of hemp stalks and the high strength, length and yield of the bast fibers make hemp, a traditional source of high-strength specialty paper, a favorite in today's ecologically aware market. Pulp made from hemp's bast fiber is superior to short-fiber wood, and is an ideal additive to strengthen recycled post-consumer waste (PCW) pulp, thus expanding PCW's use. Tough and durable, hemp content paper can be finished to a smooth-surfaced sheet with as good as or better print qualities than virgin wood-based paper. The markets for hemp content paper are growing, including not only high-quality PCW printer paper, but also ecological product packaging, brochures and promotional materials for progressive businesses.

Hemp Biofuel

Ethanol — ethyl alcohol, currently produced by fermenting cornstarch from kernels — is gradually replacing toxic Methyl Tertiary Butyl Ether (MTBE) in the United States as a high-octane, pollution-reducing gasoline additive. As a source for ethanol, corn kernels are economically viable only because of high federal subsidies. In the next two to five years, the energy-efficient production of ethanol from cellulosic biomass such as wheat and rice straw, hemp, flax, and corn stalks will become commercially viable. This process also generates much lower overall emissions of the greenhouse gas CO2, and because most automobile engines can run on 15:85 ethanol:gasoline blends without modification, ethanol will help nations worldwide meet their greenhouse gas reduction goals. Hemp grown for both seed and biomass has a stalk yield of up to 3.5 tons per acre, which would make it an economical source of cellulose for ethanol production. Farmers in the Midwest could welcome hemp as a pofitable addition to their marginally profitable soybean and corn rotations.

Hemp Foods

Increasingly found on store shelves, shelled hemp seeds ("hemp nuts") and cold-pressed oil have exceptional nutritional benefits and rich flavor. They are used in salad dressings, nutrition bars, flour, breads, cookies, granola, meatless burgers, nut butter, protein powders, chips, pasta, coffee blends and frozen desserts. Virtually all hemp nut and oil in U.S. foods are imported from Canada.

An impressive 33 percent of the hemp nut is high-quality protein, providing all essential amino acids in a reasonable balance, making it an attractive component of a meat-free diet. Hemp also contains significant amounts of the vitamin E complex and trace minerals such as magnesium, iron, and manganese.

But hemp seeds are valued primarily for the exceptional fatty acid composition of their oil, which makes up 30 percent of the whole seed and 44 percent of the nut. Studies link many common ailments to an imbalance and deficiency of essential fatty acids (EFAs) in the typical Western diet: too much omega-6 and not enough omega-3. Consuming sufficient omega-3 in the right EFA ratio has impressive benefits, including: reducing cholesterol, reducing the risk of atherosclerosis and sudden cardiac death, reducing the need for insulin among diabetics, decreasing the symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis, promoting mood improvement in bipolar disorders, and optimizing development in infants.

Hemp oil contains the most EFAs of any nut or seed oil, with the omega-3 and omega-6 EFAs occurring in the nutritionally optimal 1:3 ratio. As a bonus it offers the higher-potency omega derivatives GLA and SDA. Fish and fish oils are recommended because they provide the omega-3 derivatives SDA, DHA, and EPA. But concern over the contamination of fish by mercury and other environmental toxins has led the FDA to warn pregnant women and nursing mothers to restrict their fish intake. Hemp's omega profile means that using hemp nut and oil as a staple food is a good alternative to fish: One tablespoon of hemp oil in a shake, salad, soup, or sauce provides 3 grams of omega-3, more than the 2 grams per day recommended by the U.S. National Institutes of Health.

Virtually all common vegetable oils, such as soy, corn, sunflower, safflower and olive oil offer a much less desirable omega balance, i.e., not enough omega-3. Even walnuts, touted in recent media due to the FDA's qualified endorsement of their omega-3 health benefits, contain significantly less omega-3 and in a lower ratio to omega-6 than hemp seed. Of the commodity vegetable oils, only flax seed contains more omega-3, but flax does not have hemp's optimal EFA balance. Because it is more easily digestible with a longer shelf life and a nutty natural flavor, hemp nut also offers a greater range of culinary options than flax seeds.

Hemp Body Care Products

Hemp oil's high and balanced EFA content also makes it an ideal ingredient in body care products. The EFAs soothe and restore skin in salves and creams and give excellent emolliency and smooth after-feel to lotions, lip balms, conditioners, shampoos, soaps, shaving products, and massage oils. Recent Canadian research shows that hemp oil has potential as a broad-spectrum ultraviolet skin protector.

What Can I Do?

Here are two simple ways to help hemp blossom in the marketplace: Buy hemp! Vote hemp!

Buy hemp! 
Hemp foods and body care products are carried by large chains such as Whole Foods, Wild Oats, and Trader Joe's and by thousands of smaller independent natural-food chains, stores, and co-ops, and even by some mainstream grocery stores. Outdoor retailers, ecological specialty stores, and some department stores carry hemp clothing. See the wide range of hemp products, and their makers, listed in the Hemp Industries Association's (HIA)Members Product Directory. Search for local retailers at HempStores.com.

Vote hemp! 
Be informed, talk to your state and national representatives, and tell your friends and family about the benefits of hemp for a sustainable economy and healthy environment. Numerous states have passed legislation supporting industrial hemp. What's the status of your state? Find out here.

Activists are working to shift federal regulation of industrial hemp back to the Department of Agriculture (USDA) and out of the hands of the DEA. Donations to support this effort can be made online at the Web site of Vote Hemp, the industry's lobbying group, where you can also find sample letters and easy ways to contact elected officials; see our What Can I Do? page.

Hemp Production in the United States Ground ZERO is Kentucky 

Atalo Holdings


We’re new, but we’ve been around a long time

Graves family is farming in Kentucky

Jacob Hughes Graves II is farming hemp in Kentucky. Kentucky hemp is known as “the best in the world”

Jacob H. Graves II and Philip Glass gather hemp seed from all over central Kentucky

Hemp is included in the Marijuana Tax Act and is illegal to grow

Rise of tobacco as a cash crop

Graves’ seed confiscated by Federal Marshals

Graves family is required to grow hemp for the war effort.  One of their farms is appropriated for military use.  Their seed was never returned.  The Federal government’s Marijuana Tax Act and its strenuous regulations, discouraged further commercial growing of hemp

Last commercial hemp crop grown in Wisconsin

Controlled Substance Act labeled industrial hemp as a controlled drug, along with cocaine and heroin.

Tobacco is on the way out.  Ag scientists consider hemp as an alternative, but the crop is still illegal

Joe Hickey and Dan Wotten formed the 4-F’s Club (“Future Fuel and Fiber Farmers of America) and began meeting with legislators about hemp.

Joe Hickey met Prof James Hopkins who wrote History of Hemp in Kentucky, who said Woodford Spears & Sons in Paris, Kentucky still had hemp processing equipment and historic records

Joe and Sue Hickey convince Kentucky Governor Brereton Jones to form a commission to study hemp in Kentucky

Joe Hickey, Dave Spalding, Jake Graves and Andy Graves re-organize. Kentucky Hemp Growers Cooperative with Jake Graves as Chairman of the Board, Andy Graves; President, David Spalding, Secretary; Joseph W. Hickey Sr., Executive Director and Board Members Jim Barton and Tom Greathouse

Kentucky governor Brereton Jones announces a Hemp Task Force

Andy Graves, Dave Spalding and Joe Hickey collect feral hemp seeds from Central Kentucky farms.

Jake Graves III, Joe Hickey, David Spalding and Andy Graves build relationships with the first hemp growers in Ontario to study their approach to hemp

Jean Laprise, Woody Harrelson, Anita Roddick and Joe Hickey are founding partners in Kenex, Canada’s first fiber & seed processing facility.

Woody funds the University of Kentucky Research Survey Center’s state poll that showed 78% of Kentuckians favored hemp production.

Woody Harrelson brought international experts to visit Donna Cockrell’s grade school class to talk about industrial hemp

Kentucky Hemp Museum and Library’s mobile exhibit was created and Craig Lee attended fairs and public events across KY and America

Kentucky’s International Hemp Conference was organized by Joe Hickey, Executive Director, Kentucky Hemp Growers Cooperative Association.  Moderatred by Woody Harrelson with participants from Australia, England, Canada, Ukraine, Hungary and The Netherlands.

In collaboration with Joe Hickey, Andy Graves and Dave Spalding, Actor Woody Harrelson challenged the Kentucky law by planting seeds in Lee County to provoke his arrest. Former Kentucky governor Louie Nunn served on his defense team. Harrelson was later acquitted of growing marijuana.

Andy Graves spoke at the American Farm Bureau Federation’s annual meeting in Reno and won their support passing a resolution supporting industrial hemp farming across the United States

Joe Hickey arranged the breeding feral Kentucky hemp cultivars at Kenex’s seed laboratory in Ontario and developed a hemp seed variety called “Deni.”

Harrelson funds the University of Kentucky’s Economic Impact of Industrial Hemp in Kentucky study

Graves, Hickey and David Spalding organize Louisville Forum debate between the DEA and Woody Harrelson.

University of Louisville’s Professor John I. Gilderbloom, Ph.D., weighed the evidence on the economics and ecology of industrial hemp in his paper titled – Hemp: Rhetoric & Reality

UK Press reissuance of “A History of the Hemp Industry in Kentucky”

Andy Graves, Dave Spalding and Joe Hickey were founding members of the North American industrial Hemp Council and authored the Council’s Name, Mission and Vision Statements.

Kentucky Hemp Growers Coop filed a federal lawsuit to allow farmer to cultivation of industrial hemp

Ketchum Ad agency’s campaign defames “Kentucky Hemp Beer” with “fun ads” at behest of Budweiser, forced closing of Lexington’s first successful micro-brewer

DEA seizes Kenex U.S. hemp shipments in effort to destroy the company

Hemp Museum opens doors into Kentucky’s history in Versailles, KY

Andy Graves, Dave Spalding and Joe Hickey spearheaded efforts to write Kentucky’s Hemp Bill with Rep. Joe Barrows

Andy Graves, Dave Spalding and Joe Hickey work with former Kentucky governor Louie Nunn to pass the Hemp Bill.

Gov Nunn delivered hemp bales to members of the Pine Ridge Oglala Sioux Tribe in the shadow of Mt Rushmore to replace their hemp crop destroyed by the DEA

Jury acquits Woody Harrelson for planting industrial hemp seeds, establishing hemp is not marijuana.

Andy Graves, Joe Hickey and Dave Spalding work with former Kentucky governor Louie Nunn to write and pass KY House Bill 855.

Sen. David Williams holding up hemp bill vote, is visited by former Gov. Nunn who instructs him to put House Bill 855 up for a Senate vote

DEA attempts to ban hemp foods in the United States

Graves, Hickey and Spalding continue developing Kentucky hemp cultivars in Canada

Graves, Hickey and Spalding continue lobbying for Kentucky and federal hemp legislation

Kentucky Hemp Bill passes

Graves, Hickey and Spalding formalize international partnerships to provide seed and markets for their growers

Federal Farm Bill passes enabling cultivation and commercialization of industrial hemp when states have enabling legislation

Atalo Holdings, Inc is organized along with Hemp Oil Kentucky, Kenex Kentucky, and Kentucky Hemp Seed R&D, in an effort to provide leadership in research, development and commercialization of industrial Hemp

Seeds are imported into US for planting.  DEA attempts to hold up seed.

Jake Graves III plants industrial hemp on the family farm for the first time since 1944

First harvest since 1944.  Atalo has 5 farmers under contract in 2014.

Atalo begins negotiations for 147-acre Hemp Research Campus

Atalo files first grower applications

Atalo files 35 grower applications for 500+ acres

Marihuana Tax Act of 1937

Some parties have argued that the aim of the Act was to reduce the size of the hemp industry[7][8][9] largely as an effort of businessmen Andrew MellonRandolph Hearst, and the Du Pont family.[7][9] The same parties have argued that with the invention of the decorticator, hemp had become a very cheap substitute for the paper pulp that was used in the newspaper industry.[7][10] These parties argue that Hearst felt that this was a threat to his extensive timber holdings. Mellon, Secretary of the Treasury and the wealthiest man in America, had invested heavily in the Du Pont family's new synthetic fiber, nylon, a fiber that was competing with hemp.[7]

In 1916, United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) chief scientists Jason L. Merrill and Lyster H. Dewey created a paper, USDA Bulletin No. 404 "Hemp Hurds as Paper-Making Material", in which they concluded that paper from the woody inner portion of the hemp stem broken into pieces, so called hemp hurds, was "favorable in comparison with those used with pulp wood".

[11]Dewey and Merrill believed that hemp hurds were a suitable source for paper production. However, later research does not confirm this. The concentration of cellulose in hemp hurds is only between 32% and 38% (not 77%, a number often repeated by Jack Herer and others on the Internet).[12] Manufacture of paper with hemp as a raw material has shown that hemp lacks the qualities needed to become a major competitor to the traditional paper industry, which still uses wood or waste paper as raw material. In 2003, 95% of the hemp hurds in the EU were used for animal bedding, almost 5% were used as building material.[13] The DuPont Company and many industrial historians dispute a link between nylon and hemp. They argue that the purpose of developing the nylon was to produce a fiber that could compete with silk and rayon.[14][15][16]

Operation of the act

Shortly after the 1937 Marihuana Tax Act went into effect on October 1, 1937, the Federal Bureau of Narcotics and Denver City police arrested Moses Baca for possession and Samuel Caldwellfor dealing. Baca and Caldwell's arrest made them the first marijuana convictions under U.S. federal law for not paying the marijuana tax. Judge Foster Symes sentenced Baca to 18 months and Caldwell to four years in Leavenworth Penitentiary for violating the 1937 Marihuana Tax Act

Caldwell's wares, two marijuana cigarettes, deeply offended Judge Foster Symes, who said: "I consider marijuana the worst of all narcotics, far worse than the use of morphine or cocaine. Under its influence men become beasts. Marijuana destroys life itself. I have no sympathy with those who sell this weed. The government is going to enforce this new law to the letter."

NORML's mission is to move public opinion sufficiently to legalize the responsible use of marijuana by adults, and to serve as an advocate for consumers to assure they have access to high quality marijuana that is safe, convenient…